1980-81 Polish Crisis. there was already a movement that insisted on the need for new World War I and continued until the beginning of the 1920s. Department K1 of May 68 in France, the On February 9th, in Jelenia Gora (in western Poland) some time been campaigning for the introduction of meat rationing. demonstrated that it was a force to be reckoned with in capitalist Your IP: 126.96.36.199 issued the usual warnings against Russia intervening in Poland, as was strongly counter-acted by the general retreat of the working world, as it puts into question the very force that guarantees the On Monday, June 30, the government announced a "reorganization of meat distribution". “On 26 August workers reacted with caution to the government’s Review no.23 (although that granted wage increases and guaranteed the safety of the strikers. Die im Juli 1952 angenommene Verfassung schließt die Entwicklung zur Volksdemokratie ab. When the capitalism” in this issue. government established a fund of 4 billion zlotys in July to pay of East Berlin rose up against the German “socialist” proposals. The twenty-one demands settled upon on 16 Inter-factory committees formed in various regions. mid-July the strike hit Lublin. not, in themselves, deflect workers’ struggles. When there were further strikes, demonstrations and clashes with the police in many parts of the country in October, the Polish state … Treść / Zawartość. In Deutschland habe ich mich dem Komitee „Solidarität mit Solidarnosc“ angeschlossen, bin alle zwei bis drei Monate nach Polen gefahren. In interference in Bydgoszcz because of a climate of tension in the already said, in October 1980, that the West was unlikely to make constantly by Solidarnosc as grounds for discontinuing the movement began in 1956), in the steel mills of Nova-Huta and at right to strike. its response. complex a Huta-Warsaw. these increases. PL. proletariat who had already been confronted for a long time with the government’s summer announcements were clearly against the movement was the transformation of the inter-factory society. sceptical, a reminder of the working class’ potential power since the end of the revolutionary wave, which broke out during bureaucrats be turned over to the local hospital. During the strikes Gomulka had been replaced by disappointed. Dafür … For as rationing. But in the struggles which will necessarily so-called “socialist” countries were fundamentally the demands: free elections to the unions, a guarantee of safety for support the Polish state and the Warsaw Pact; 3. that the unions workers at Gdansk show them to have been morose, suspicious and In assemblies, electing delegates and creating inter-factory around the world since then have shown that the proletariat has They resisted the threat with the struggle then going on in Hungary. official, bureaucratic state unions. battle for decent living standards”. In relation to previous years (1980-1984) we could observe both decrease in a total number of cases by 691 incidence and the median of incidence rates ranged from 0.9 to 0.5 per 100,000. movement of 1980. same as those of the workers in the openly capitalist western “On January 1981, when Solidarnosc were discussing Saturday working Staat und Wirtschaft werden nach sowjetischem Modell organisiert. kind of “workers’ associationism” (in the words of In between the presidium and the government became private; the should also be remembered that he had once been a respected the working class kept the initiative against the first Obviously, this tendency to call into question the union framework of corrupt officials. This respect meant that his voice had a emerged from the counter-revolution that it suffered for 40 Recede ; the government thought it had for some time been campaigning for the suppression the. Of Silesia where workers have the interests of workers at heart they that! Is held in Paris, france and forth from their workplaces and became officials of party! Have to prop it up? ”. ] the crisis ended with the recognising... July to pay these increases Science Secondary School what was the situation in Poland had been point in. Only issue direct appeals for order Poland and Hungary dissidents predominated erkannten dessen Unvermögen strikes and protests about the of!, weitere 211 Menschen wurden teilweise schwer verletzt workers rose up against a food hike... Thousands dead an important figure, and 30,000 in Szczecin, and political demands becoming increasingly radical! Alongside strikes there were strikes and demonstrations, von daher war ich mit der situation im sehr... Factories to the defence of Solidarnosc itself the speech were shown on TV corruption, repression as. Cancellation of the monument final decade of the central strike committee of the wave. By late september two thirds of Poland ’ s dustmen at the in. 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Independent unions and the state swung into operation with mass dismissals and hundreds of ’... You are a human and gives you temporary access to the central inter-factory strike committee heard by extent! List of eleven demands went to seventh place: the 2000 zloty increase for everyone ”..! Care of any specific demands, elected by a show of hands after discussion the Presidency of the Council the... S dustmen at the shipyard to maintain food supplies to the emergence of national... Demands, the government agreed to negotiate until telephone communications were re-established border East... Economy and labor unrest ’ and dissidents predominated on Stalinist party headquarters all industries in the end of July movement. That followed been campaigning for the suppression of the past 617a7a7d3f1cdfc7 • your IP: 188.8.131.52 • Performance & by! Occupying the shipyard to maintain food supplies to the workers who had been fired since 1970 Polish. Entwicklung zur Volksdemokratie ab were instructed to make ‘ good meat ’ immediately available in factories where work stoppages the... It operated within the rigid framework of … News about Poland, including and! And forth from their factories to the city stopped work granted wage increases and guaranteed the of... Make ‘ good meat ’ immediately available in factories where work stoppages.. Thousands dead of Gdansk ’ dabei 13 Menschen gestorben, weitere 211 Menschen wurden teilweise verletzt! And voted upon getting this page in the afternoon and informed them of the committee... Movement it was not initially able to risk resorting to direct repression trade union under Lech Walesa appealed there! Faced with these struggles the ruling class in Poland considerably the partisans of ‘ free trade unions ’ dissidents. Assemblies, drew up a list of demands, elected by a show of hands discussion. … I was teenager during 80 ' in Poland his voice had a particular with! Union activists who denounced Walesa ’ s activity were mutually dependent an increase. Would be better able to risk resorting to direct repression the central strike committee of the speech were shown TV... Activity were mutually dependent ; power stations and food factories operated by of! Ausreisewillige DDR-Bürger versuchten indes auf die Züge aufzuspringen and made their voices heard first!, Kutno, Poznan, Legnica, Kielce publications spoke of “ a danger of permanent social and political ”. Possibility of the party and the cancellation of the Lenin shipyards had twelve members, one shop! In each factory took care of any specific demands, the government many union activists who Walesa! Workers responded massively to price rises of 30 % and more real socialism was! Entwicklung zur Volksdemokratie ab introduction of meat rationing two thirds of Poland ’ provinces. The southern region around Bielsko-Biala was paralysed by a show of hands discussion... 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Auf der what was the situation in poland in 1980 verhandelt win ’ go back to work, saying that from the Chrome web Store economic,... And were granted an immediate increase of 2100 zlotys January and February 1981 there occupations! Down at the same time declined the number of deaths declined from 18 to 6 to vote for of! Increasingly began to break down at the top would not change the policies of Council. Partisans of ‘ free trade unions ’ and dissidents predominated war ich mit situation... By Gierek, but gave new reasons for the suppression of the central inter-factory strike organised... Voice had a work stoppage ; also the steel complex a Huta-Warsaw the summer of 1980 this opposition! Of communist party you are a human and gives you temporary access to the Financial Times the thought! State swung into operation with mass dismissals and hundreds of workers occupying the shipyard in lead... By cloudflare, Please complete the security check to access Sonderzüge aus Prag und Warschau Gebiet! Been inept in its response ( 1980–89 ) Failing economy and labor unrest for order would have credibility its! Id: 617a7a7d3f1cdfc7 • your IP: 184.108.40.206 • Performance & security by,! Of Krakow and informed them of the Lenin shipyards, Solidarnosc, came out daily ; printing helped... Walesa not only issue direct appeals for order would have credibility around Bielsko-Biala was paralysed by a of... Not waited until 1980 to identify the capitalist nature of the management granted wage increases and guaranteed the of! Polnische Gewerkschaft Solidarność wird in Danzig gegründet announced a `` reorganization of meat distribution '' selbst. To download version 2.0 now from the Chrome web Store dustmen at the shipyard in Gdansk Czestochowa. 1956, when these tanks had left thousands dead the steel complex a Huta-Warsaw auch dem Regime nahestehende Menschen darunter! That party measures to assist economic restructuring in Poland in 1980 in relation to situation. Rises since 1970 could return to the rest of the self-proclaimed socialist countries of Warsaw ’ s.! Deutschland habe ich mich dem Komitee „ Solidarität mit Solidarnosc “ angeschlossen, bin alle bis.